The Siilkhem Mountain National Park was originally established to preserve and conserve in its original condition the specific traits of the natural zones, unique formations, rare and endangered plants and animals including snow leopard, argali sheep, ibex and gyrfalcon, historic and cultural monuments, and the natural beauty. The park is located in north west Mongolia, along the Russia/Mongolia border.
The park is bordered with Salugem Strictly Protected Area in Russia, which is covered 241 thousand hectares of land. Mongol Altai Mountain range is also abundant by the findings such as deer stones, ochreous carvings and petroglyphs and the monuments showed images of traditional economic activities and arts dated to the Central Asian Bronze Age. These petroglyphs are the historical and cultural monuments dated to 2500-3000 years ago.
The Siilkhem Mountain National Park consists of two distinct parts “A” and “B”. Part “A” of the national park covers most northern distribution range of Altai Argali while Part “B” is one of most the important prime habitat of snow leopard. The Tsagaan salaa petroglyphs located in A section of the Siilkhem Mountain National Park has registered in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.