Founded in 1975, the Great Gobi B National Park encompasses an area equal to 1,835,725 hectares or 4.5 million acres in the southwestern Gobi. Despite the enormous size, the park has only seven permanent rangers. In 1991, the park joined the International Biosphere Reserve Network of the United Nations.
The Gobi Desert is the coldest and one of the highest deserts in the world, occupying about 1/3 of Mongolia. The oases of the Gobi are critical to wildlife and many plants. Scientists have identified over 50 oases in the Altai Inner desert, ten oases in the Dzungarian desert, and 20 oases in the Alashaa desert.
Moreover, scientists have identified a remarkable 410 species of plants despite the harsh environmental conditions. Despite the extreme conditions, these deserts and the surrounding regions sustain many animals, including black-tailed gazelles, marbled polecats, wild Bactrian camels, Mongolian wild ass, and Sand plovers. It is also one of the strongholds of elusive Snow Leopard and Manual Cat.